Posmoor og stabilitet; retrening for personell på flytere

De fleste med maritim bakgrunn har kurset seg i posmoor, DP, og stabilitet. Men, ettersom tiden går er vi mennesker skrudd sammen slik at vi glemmer. Glemselskurven kan sammenlignes med en hoppbakke. Det går voldsomt utfor i begynnelsen, så flater det ut. For å redusere virkningen av glemselskurven, må vi gjenoppfriske og repetere.

Alveim Skipet

Vår tilnærming er retrening i simulator; vi plukker frem caser og hendelser og trener på dem og så krydrer vi med en nødvendig gjennomgang av regelverk, teori og metode relatert til simulatorøvelsene. Treningsprogrammet legges opp i nært samarbeid med kunde og kan strekke seg over 3-5 dager avhengig av innhold.

Et typisk treningsprogram kan inneholde:

Set-up posmoor

Anchor analysis

Line segments and set-up in simulator

Moving in posmoor mode

Consequence analysis

Understanding of XE and XI

Model relation to thrusters

Manual running vs auto

MODU stability

Ballast regulation, procedure, and system

Stability procedures, analysis, and operation manual

Inclination test

Taking rig from operation to survival

Failure on ballast system

Appliance and hull damage

Damage stability

Watertight bulkheads and closing


Simsea vil sammen med kunde forberede gode og realistiske øvelser. For hver øvelse gir instruktørene en grundig briefing av hva øvelsen innebærer og de ulike øvelsesmomentene.

Deltakerne observeres om ønskelig av kundens OIM’er under gjennomføring av øvelsen og etter øvelsen gjennomføres en grundig debrief hvor fokus er på hva som ble læringsutbyttet. Om ønskelig kan vi også legge inn assessment av operatørenes adferd.

Handling Engine Room Emergencies

The incident with Viking Sky on the Norwegian coast last winter gave us all a frightening example on what challenging situations maritime engineers could face in an emergency. See http://simsea.ni/simblog/?0=253. There is clearly a need to make engineers more prepared to meet such situations because they will happen, like it or not.  And only a handful of even our most experienced engineers have ever had to face such frightening situations.

The most effective way to establish this preparedness is by realistic and practical training based on thorough understanding of engines, teamwork, and crisis management.

We propose such training to be done in full scale engine control room simulators where the participants get an increased understanding of handling engines under various challenging conditions during ship manoeuvring in normal and emergency situations.

Participants will gain

  • More insight in handling engine incidents
  • Increased understanding of the necessity of leadership and planning
  • Increased understanding of teamwork in emergency situations

The content of the training should be beyond the minimum requirements of STCW, and the relevant IMO Model Courses 7.02, 7.04, 2.07, 1.39 and 1.38.

This includes:

Practical incident handling in full-scale simulators; standard manoeuvring incidents, dirty filters, pump failures, converter incidents, switchboard errors, grounding, and fire in engine room and relevant theory, like emergency preparedness and planning:

  • Assertiveness, leadership, motivation, and management techniques
  • Risk analysis including assessment of possible safety and pollution incidents
  • Evaluation of the team’s attitudes, knowledge, skills, experience, and training needs
  • Prepare and implement standard and emergency operational procedures
  • Planning a voyage in normal and emergency situations; identify and consider options
  • Identify limitations of time and resources, including the need for rest
  • Allocation, prioritizing and co-ordination of resources including distribution of roles
  • Situation awareness and risk handling competence including methods of stress-handling
  • Identify root causes for incidents and appropriate measures to corrective actions
  • Gathering and maintaining a common understanding of the situation
  • Efficient communication aboard and with instances onshore
  • Understanding culture, verbal/non-verbal communication
  • Briefing; involvement and information, sharing of information and observations
  • Active listening and feedback
  • Decision-making in various situations and decisions that reflect the team’s experience
  • Team interaction and conflict-handling

The duration of the course is 40 hours of which 20 is in a full-scale engine control room simulator (K-Sim Engine) and 8 hours of leadership theory are dealt with as interactive e-learning.

Reduce Risk Related to Offshore Marine Operations

Good operational risk handling is a key component to successful management of any offshore marine operation like anchor handling, moving, and towing of any offshore installation being platforms, top sites, sub-sea units, FPSO, accommodation units, windmills, etc. Any such operations are potentially hazardous, and parties involved in an operation will ensure it is planned and carried out properly

Vessel Owners and masters ensure that any operations which involve approaching, working alongside, and departing from any offshore facility are always undertaken in accordance with best practices. An essential element is to ensure that the team directing operations on the bridge has the necessary experience for proposed operations such that all activities can be undertaken in a safe and expeditious manner.

Offshore operations are often complex, involving many parties. Experience has demonstrated that communication failures between the various parties are often the root cause of many subsequent problems.

Owners or managers of facilities and vessels ensure that personnel have the necessary competency and experience to undertake any tasks to which they may be assigned. Training relating to any task may be arranged including “on the job” training, or training in a simulated environment.

All parties are also putting a lot of efforts into adequate planning (including contingencies). They identify and agree risk management procedures, operational as well as emergency, to be observed and see to that this is complied with throughout the entire operation.

Simsea has a profound desire to assist in your planning efforts. We offer full-scale simulation of any offshore maritime operation focusing customers’ operational and emergency procedures both for training, testing, or planning purposes.

Our state-of-the-art simulators are delivered and continuously updated by Kongsberg Digital. We have simulator models of a wide range of installations, coastal areas for passage planning and navigation, and offshore vessels as well as tankers.  Any new simulator models will be made by our sub contractor Kongsberg Digital according to customers’ specifications. Our instructors are experienced master mariners and we have specialist human factors expertise available to guide and train any operational team in communication and situation awareness.

Our customers have in-depth knowledge of concepts, facilities and equipment needed for the operation in question. As customer you may hire our simulators, bring in your own instructors, use your own mathematical models, tools, etc. We take care of all technical, operational and hospitality support.

Team seminar “at sea”?

Team building is a lot of things. Having fun is one of them. And why not combine business and pleasure?

In our full-scale state-of-the art maritime simulators we can take you at sea on-board different types of ships and demonstrate different ship operations or even let you steer and operate the ship on your own along different coastlines and in different harbors. With no risk and a lot of fun!

In your daily life at work you might find yourself in situations where you listen to or talk about different types of maritime and offshore operations. Many times, you could wish that you had more insight in these subjects to increase your understanding of your clients’ needs or perhaps go into further details regarding ship capabilities and solutions

We offer a learning arena combined with great fun specially designed for non-operational bodies, brokers, finance institutions, politicians, etc.

Any team building sessions will be tailor made for you and will typically last for less than a day unless you want to go deeper into the subjects.

Did you by the way know that Haugesund is just one hour away from Oslo, 2-3 hours away from Bergen and 1-2 hours away from Stavanger? Take the morning flight and you could be back the same afternoon. Or, you could arrange a team seminar the day before or after and enjoy swinging Haugesund in the evening.

If you fancy this idea do not hesitate to contact Simsea any time.

DP revalidation criteria for 2020 onward

Below you will find Nautical Institute’s (NI) guidelines as per December 2019 for revalidation of your DP certificate. If you have any questions or are in doubt how these guidelines we recommend you to contact Jenny Daintree in NI for clarification. We also recommend you to get any clarification in writing. Simsea will continue to run revalidation courses and you will find actual dates in our booking system http://sts.simsea.no. You may also contact Lars Gustavsen at +47 913 89 783 for further details.

The Nautical Institute has developed a set of guidelines for those revalidating after the transition period for revalidation finishes on 31st December 2019. These guidelines are to provide information for those who have not yet revalidated their DP Certificate or are due to revalidate for a second time, and the actions required if they wish to revalidate. This guidance particularly applies to:  

DPOs with DP Certificates issued before 2012  
Any DP Certificate issued before 2012 that does not have an expiry date will expire on 31st December 2019.  

DPOs with DP Certificates due for revalidation before 2020  
Any DP Certificate issued after 2012 (and due to expire before 2020) that has not yet been revalidated will also expire on 31st December 2019.  

The following points apply to all DPOs who are revalidating their certificate  

1. DP sea time can only be claimed while a DP Certificate is valid. Time completed after the DP Certificate expires cannot be used towards any revalidation.  

2. A DPO can still apply for their revalidation after the expiry date, however the new certificate will only be valid for a period of five years from the previous certificate expiry date.
3. DPOs may apply after their certificate has expired if they have met the DP sea time requirements for revalidation while their certificate was valid. [This applies to revalidation based on 150 days or more of DP sea time, or revalidation based on less than 150 days of DP sea time, in which case, the person needs to complete the Simulator Course and a minimum of 30 days DP sea time].  

4. If the DPO did not complete the required DP sea time for revalidation before the expiry of the certificate, then the following routes for revalidation are available for DPOs with an expired certificate: Take the Revalidation Course without DP sea time. Standard rules for revalidation with the course still apply.Take the Simulator Course with a minimum of 60 days DP sea time  

5. If a DPO cannot provide any evidence of the DP sea time within the last 10 years, or equivalent occupation or activities as recognised by the NI they will need to repeat their DP training starting with the Basic Course, and complete the training and sea time before a certificate can be issued.

Please see below for example scenarios.

Rent a Simulator, bring your own experts as instructors

A shipping company or sub-sea contractor has a wide range of training needs from ordinary familiarization to handling special operations and inherent risk. In many instances you will have the required coaching competence in your own organization. In some cases, training on board will be a good and efficient solution, in other cases this will be expensive or time-consuming to arrange. In such situations we offer rental of our state-of-the-art Kongsberg simulators.

Our simulators have models of real ships and equipment in daily use onboard. At time being we have models of semi-submersible rigs, shuttle tankers, coasters, anchor handlers, construction ships, ROV control room, shift supervisor station, work ROV, knuckle boom crane, wire luffing crane, diesel/ electric engines for ship and rig, high voltage and LNG bunkering stations. We can rent additional models from Kongsberg Digital’s library and – we can produce special models that has not yet been developed.

The SIMSEA simulators are delivered and updated by Kongsberg Digital and Fugro Intersite and certified by DNV-GL. As per today we have

5 Bridges, K-Sim Offshore with DP, DNVGL Class A

2 DP bridge trainers; NI class A and B (K-Pos, SDP)

6 ECDIS stations/bridges

Ship/rig offshore crane

2 Engine control rooms

1 High Voltage panel (real equipment according to NMA specifications)

1 DeepWorks subsea simulator, including ROV control room (Kystdesign),

All our simulators are integrated and can be used for advanced complex operations. Each simulator can also be used on a stand-alone basis. You will find our simulators very realistic and we provide different natural forces influencing your operations like weather, current, wind and heavy seas. The only thing missing is the fresh sea air.

We provide the necessary support like set-up of simulators for simple exercises or operating the simulator equipment for more complex training needs. We will also provide any administrative support, any documentation of the training and catering.

If you have any questions or want to examine this opportunity in detail don’t hesitate to contact Lars Gustavsen, telephone 913 89 783 or A Rune Johansen at telephone 909 30 668.

IGF training

Simsea has now got accreditation from the Norwegian Maritime Authority (NMA) to provide both Basic and Advanced training according to the IGF Code. The courses are relevant for masters, officers, ratings and other personnel on ships subject to the IGF code. The courses could also be useful for personnel at LNG farms.

Please note that we as a part of the course run bunkering operations on Kongsberg Engine Room Simulators and that 2 Bunkering Operations at the Advanced course is approved by NMA.

Basic course:

By this course the participants shall gain basic knowledge to be able to contribute to the safe operation of a ship subject to the IGF code. Safe operation includes to prevent hazard, apply occupational health and safety precautions and measures, carry out firefighting, respond to emergencies and to prevent pollution of the environment.  

The content of the Basic course is in accordance with STCW A-V/3-1 including the following aspects of operating ships subject to the IGF code:

  • Rules and regulations
  • Design and operational characteristics
  • Fuel characteristics, fuel systems and fuel storage systems
  • Fuel and fuel storage systems’ operations
  • Physical properties of fuel
  • Safety requirements and safety management
  • Hazards associated with operations and hazard controls
  • Gas-measuring and similar equipment
  • Safe working practices and procedures
  • Fire organization, fuel hazards, firefighting agents and methods including fire-fighting system operation
  • Emergency procedures
  • Measures to be taken in the event of leakage/spillage/venting of fuels

Advanced course:

By this course the participants shall gain familiarity with physical and chemical properties of fuels, competence of operate controls, ability to perform all operations, plan and monitor bunkering of a ship subject to the IGF code. This includes competence to take precautions to prevent pollution, secure compliance with legislative requirements, to prevent hazard, apply occupational health and safety precautions and measures, how to prevent fire and to control firefighting and extinguishing systems.  

The content of the course is in accordance with STCW A-V/3-2 including the following aspects of operating ships subject to the IGF code:

  • Safe bunkering including planning and monitoring
  • Operating principles of marine power plants
  • Ships’ auxiliary machinery
  • Marine engineering terms
  • Design and characteristics of ships, systems and equipment
  • Fuel system theory and characteristics including pumps
  • Effects of pollution
  • Measures to be taken in the event of spillage/leakage/venting
  • MARPOL, other relevant IMO instruments, industry guidelines and commonly applied port regulations
  • Hazard and control measures
  • Safety equipment
  • Safe working practises and procedures
  • Firefighting methods and appliances

Maritime engineers need more training

Simsea has over the years trained thousands of deck officers to avoid and handle challenging situations that can occur on-board a ship. The deck officers typically come from all kinds of trades and ships. We train them in leadership, situation awareness, stress handling, decision making, communication, teamwork, etc. However, and that is a paradox, we very seldom train engineers! Now, our engine room simulators are not in use.

This is primarily a paradox because most incidents on-board a modern ship is caused by issues in the engine room. The incident at Hustadvika in Norway this year where a cruise ship faced server trouble is in fact not a special case. It doesn’t require much fantasy to imagine the stress the engineers must have felt on-board Viking Sky when the ship drifted towards striking rocks or hopefully a solid attachment for the anchors.

Many sailing engineers have no experience from such situations and the sad truth is that nor are they trained to handle them. It is of cause a big difference from day to day routine work in the engine room to problem solving under severe stress. Very capable engineers working as instructors in Simsea confirm this. Most maritime engineers need to be trained in handling engine trouble under server stress. This includes beeing on top of the situation; dicover and understand, and maintain a proactive attitude to the circumstances surrounding them. At the same time they need to be capable of share their observations, understanding and actions with colleagues and bridge to create a shared situation awareness.

Remember, “a safe ship has engineers that can handle a crisis as well as routine work”. Practice makes perfect.

Blended training

Simsea now offers many training courses where we combine simulator training with e-learning. We call this blended training.

So, why do we do this?

In our continuous improvement work we focus on changes that meet our key success criteria:

  • Increased learning outcome
  • Credible documentation
  • Reduced training costs

Our training schemes traditionally consist of a practical doing part and a part where we teach the relevant theory behind the doing. The Practice doing part place in simulators and is prepared by a thorough brief and summed up by a debrief where student reflection is an important element. Most of the theory has been taught in classroom lectures.  An important issue for us has been to find a more effective learning method for teaching theory than classroom lectures often characterized by challenges like students’ mixed motivation, mixed competence and lack of a common terminology.

We have landed on e-learning as our main method for teaching theory. In an e-learning module theory will typically be presented by text, pictures and videos. And – each part of the module will have tests that the student shall have to pass. We run all e-learning on a separate specially designed computer program. Computers facilitates the presentation of educational material according to students’ learning needs, as indicated by their responses to questions, tasks and experiences. In this way e-learning is adaptive, it is student active, it facilitates common competence and terminology and – it assures and document the learning outcome.

Our blended training approach is approved by the governmental bodies like NMA and has been well received by all stakeholders. The customers appreciate it because it means more value for money; the increase in learning outcome, the credible documentation and the reduced costs by reducing number of days at the simulation center. The individual course participant appreciates it because it reduces the stay away from home and family.



A seagoing vessel is subjected to forces from wind, waves and current as well as from forces generated by the propulsion system. The Dynamic positioning – DP automatically maintain the vessel’s position and heading using its propellers and thrusters.


The vessel’s response to these forces, i.e. its changes in position, heading and speed, is measured by the position-reference systems, the gyrocompass and the vertical reference sensors. Reference systems readings are corrected for roll and pitch using readings from the vertical reference sensors. Wind speed and direction are measured by the wind sensors.

The K-Pos dynamic positioning control system calculates the forces that the thrusters must produce in order to control the vessel’s motion in three degrees of freedom – surge, sway and yaw – in the horizontal plane.


The K-Pos system is designed to keep the vessel within specified position and heading limits, and to minimise fuel consumption and wear and tear on the propulsion equipment. In addition, the K-Pos system tolerates transient errors in the measurement systems and acts appropriately if a fault occurs in the thruster units.




Simsea is accredited by Nautical Institute (NI) to provide DP training. The training consists of two courses; DP Induction and DP Simulator. Each course takes 5 days and includes training on our K-POS DP simulators. Candidates have to document a certain amount of seatime between the courses and after before they will get their DP certificate from NI.

Simsea is also accredited to provide DPO certification by DNV GL. The training includes courses and seatime between the courses. In addition, candidates need to take a specialization course for the kind of vessel they will work on. After these courses candidates have to pass a theoretical and practical test before they get their DPO certificate from Simsea.